The recent rate, spate and global dimension of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) is quite alarming and presents the human race with abundant challenges, including the need to propose proportionate research, responses, strategies and policies. An understanding of the multifaceted social and ecological settings in which infectious diseases occur is also desirable. Over the years, the human race has been confronted with EIDs including Nipah virus, West Nile virus, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and dengue hemorrhagic fever (Weiss, 2008). In July 2003, the World Health Organization declared that the global outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had been contained; less than six months later, in December of 2003, an even greater threat–the avian influenza H5N1 virus–emerged (WHO, 2005). Recently came Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS), which has spread quite rapidly from the Middle East (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Lebanon, Qatar, Jordan, Yemen, Kuwait and Iran) to North Africa (Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria), Asia (Malaysia, Philippines), and Europe (United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Greece, and Italy). The first case was diagnosed in the United States on May 2nd 2014 (Adeyemo, O.K. 2014). The ongoing Ebola virus disease which was first detected in March in West Africa is the latest in the epidemic of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases.
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