Urban Agriculture (UA) and peri-urban agriculture can be defined as the growing, processing, and distribution of food and other products through plant cultivation and seldom raising livestock in and around cities for feeding local populations. Over the last few years, UA has increased in popularity due to concerns about climate change and sustaining food security in urban areas. The effects of climate change has induced crop reductions and affected optimal environmental growing conditions through rising temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns. Although, agriculture contributes to 30% of anthropocentric greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, presence of vegetation in urban areas can lower temperatures and GHG emissions. An environmental Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Urban Food Growing in London found urban farms could potentially reduce foodrelated GHGs, such as CO2 by 34 tons per hectare.
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