Scientists, organizations at the national, regional and global level, especially the United Conference for sustainable development in 2012, so called RIO+20, stressed ocean acidification as a threat for the marine environment. The final outcome document of Rio+20 ‘the future we want’ highlighted the critical role the oceans play in all three pillars of sustainable development, and “commit[ed] to protect, and restore, the health, productivity and resilience of oceans and marine ecosystems, and to maintain their biodiversity, enabling their conservation and sustainable use for present and future generations.” It contains 20 paragraphs in a dedicated section on oceans and seas, and an additional three paragraphs on Small Island Developing States (SIDS), and last but not least one paragraph urging the emerging issue of Ocean acidification.
After months of work from individuals and organizations all around the world an ocean acidification specific outcome (Number 166) is: “We call for support to initiatives that address ocean acidification and the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal ecosystems and resources. In this regard, we reiterate the need to work collectively to prevent further ocean acidification, as well as to enhance the resilience of marine ecosystems and of the communities whose livelihoods depend on them, and to support marine scientific research, monitoring and observation of ocean acidification and particularly vulnerable ecosystems, including through enhanced international cooperation in this regard.” …
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