基于因子分析的中美居民消费阶段划分及对比分析 (Comparative study of the consumption patterns of American and Chinese household using factor analysis)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
美国作为消费水平较高的发达国家,我国作为最大的发展中国家将经历美国居民已经经历过的消费阶段,找出我国现阶 段的消费水平相当于美国了历史上的哪一时期对指导我国借鉴美国制定新的消费政策具有很强的现实意义。本文利用因子分析的方 法,将美国 1929-2001 年划分为三个消费阶段,将中国 1984-2011 年划分为三个消费阶段。结果显示,中国 2001-2011 年的消费水平 仅相当于美国 1950-1960 年的消费水平,虽然消费水平相当,但是两国居民的消费结构却存在着差异。中国居民食物支出占比较高, 导致恩格尔系数持续偏高,居民消费率不足依然是我国现阶段面临的重大难题。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6116GSDR%20Brief%2039CN.pdf

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