基于扩展线性支出系统模型的中美居民消费 结构对比分析 (Comparative study of the consumption structure of American and Chinese households based on the Extended Linear Expenditure System Model (ELES) )

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
美国作为一个典型的靠消费拉动的发达国家,我国与其有着很大的差距,居民消费率严重不足始终是制约我国经济发展 的难题。 本文以 2011 年中美两国居民分等级的消费支出和收入数据为基础,利用扩展线性支出系统模型(ELES)对比分析了中美两 国居民在 2011 年的消费结构差异,并进一步对比分析了两国居民的基本消费支出、边际消费倾向、收入及价格弹性。结果表明,我 国居民消费支出水平仍然与美国居民存在一定的差距,我国居民用于满足基本生活的消费支出占比依然较高,对提高生活质量的消费 支出项依旧需求不足。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6113GSDR%20Brief%2038CN.pdf

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