物质消费减量化: 物质消费减量化:一个可持续消费研究综述 一个可持续消费研究综述 (Reducing material consumption: a literature review on sustainable consumption)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
源于环境保护的可持续消费研究,重点探讨在消费中如何减少物质、能源消耗,减少废弃物的排放即物质减量化。对 于物质消费减量化的影响因素,主要集中在三个研究领域:一是批判和扩展新古典经济学中的“经济人”假设。二是分析物质密集型 消费的驱动力。三是通过环境友好型消费行为模型讨论影响因素。物质消费的减量化途径主要有两条:一是通过技术进步、生产过程 的改进或环境友好型的设计,减少单位消费的资源消耗,这种不减少总消费量的消费也称为弱可持续消费。弱可持续消费可能对经济 增长具有促进作用,但依赖于环境友好型技术的出现。二是降低消费总量,也称为强可持续消费。由于消费的减少将会降低经济增长 速度,因而一个片面追求经济增长的社会,也必然不支持可持续消费。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6077GSDR%20Brief%2027CN.pdf

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