Tag Archives: cities

Towards diverse and sustainable governance ? Assessment of biocultural diversity (BCD) in European cities

Today more than half of the global population lives in urban regions and by 2030 the proportion is expected to have increased to 60 % (Elmqvist et al., 2013). To meet the needs of future generation, to support social cohesion within and among different socio-cultural groups, and to enable healthy living environments, cities are the main arena where sustainable solutions have to be developed. Especially urban green spaces (e.g. parks, forests, gardens, meadows, seashores) can support to meet these challenges. Urban green areas have been found to support citizen’s physical and mental wellbeing and social cohesion (Peters et al., 2010; Tzoulas and Green, 2011).

Read the brief and share your comments below:
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6604129-Vierikko-Towards%20diverse%20and%20sustainable%20governance.pdf

POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS PARA LA PRODUCCIÓN SOCIAL DE VIVIENDA COMO ALTERNATIVA PARA DISMINUIR LA IRREGULARIDAD EN AMÉRICA LATINA

El derecho a la vivienda es universal y se encuentra plasmado en la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos de 1948, en su artículo 25.1: "Toda persona tiene derecho a un nivel de vida adecuado que le asegure, así como a su familia, la salud y el bienestar, y en especial la alimentación, el vestido, la vivienda, la asistencia médica y los servicios sociales necesarios; tiene asimismo derecho a los seguros en caso de desempleo, enfermedad, invalidez, viudez, vejez u otros casos de pérdida de sus medios de subsistencia por circunstancias independientes de su voluntad". En 2000, en la Cumbre del Milenio de Naciones Unidas se asumió el alcanzar los 8 objetivos del milenio, uno de ellos es la Meta 11 (7.D) que remite hacia la concepción de una vivienda digna: Se espera que en 2020 se hayan mejorado las condiciones de vida de al menos 100 millones de habitantes de asentamientos precarios.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/627471-Lopez-Public%20Housing%20Latin%20America.pdf

特大城市应走的可持续之路:以北京为例 (Sustainable development in mega-cities: the case of Beijing)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
认清不可持续发展的现况,把握正确的城市功能,调整产业结构,全力整治城市病,走出一条特大城市可持续发展新 路:存量发展、升级发展、创新发展、完善发展。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6071GSDR%20Brief%2025CN.pdf

城市生态可持续发展中社会治理创新研究 (The study of innovation of social governance for urban ecology and sustainable development)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
城市生态可持续发展涉及到经济、社会、环境等各个方面,需要良好的社会治理机制来发动和推动,而社会治理创新 包含了治理理念、治理模式、治理途径等方面的创新。因此,为了促进城市生态可持续发展,必须不断进行社会治理创新,即更新社 会治理理念、建构多元治理模式、开辟双向互动的治理途径。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5999GSDR%20Brief%202CN.pdf

建筑生命周期评价研究热点探析 (Life-cycle analysis of buildings)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
应用文献分析,综述了生命周期评价方法在建筑领域的应用。重点评述了建筑生命周期评价的近期研究热点,以期为 研究者选择评价方法和制定研究目标提供方向,推进建筑业可持续发展。研究认为应该结合案例的具体情况研究目的和生 命周期数据获取的难度选择合适的评价方法;建筑生命周期评价的未来应重点关注的领域:1)建筑拆除处理阶段,2)建筑 设计阶段,3)建筑的物化能及材料的循环和替代性,4)建筑的动态性。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6032GSDR%20Brief%2012CN.pdf

低碳经济下城市能源需求与碳排放情景分析 以河南省济源市为例 ( Scenario analysis of urban energy demand and carbon emission in the context of lowcarbon economy: the case of Jiyuan in Henan province)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘要  
以低碳经济为背景,探讨城市在能源和碳排放约束条件下未来的可能发展路径,将河南省济源市作为研究开展的案例城 市,基于情景分析法和“脱钩”概念,展示了济源市的低碳发展图景。认为:第一,济源市的能源需求若保持现有高速增长趋势是不 可取的,低碳情景下和强化低碳情景下能源需求总量和增速有明显改善;第二,尽管在最严格的情景下,济源市的人均能耗预测值仍 然高于国际国内其他城市的预测,但由于其资源禀赋特征等问题,还是存在着一定挑战;第三,济源市的经济增长依靠工业生产拉 动,对于工业占比为绝对主导的这类城市而言,发展低碳经济的着力点和潜力释放应在传统产业格局的升级改造上。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6101GSDR%20Brief%2034CN.pdf