Tag Archives: inequality

World Market Economic Conditions, Diversification of Income, Indigenous Economy and Philippine Economic Conditions with Regards to Sustainable Development

At the international level, financial markets affect global investments of the different countries. Meanwhile, global investments impact the imports, exports, global employment, labour and demand for products and services worldwide. According to the International Monetary Fund Report (2011), the global market has been
vulnerable to the risks caused by certain financial, economic and political conditions. ‘Markets may lose patience and become disorderly if political developments derail momentum on fiscal consolidation and financial repair and reform’ (IMF, 2011).

On the other hand, the focus now of the individuals in the global society has been on how to have a higher financial capital. Income diversification is one of the strategies that can help to achieve this end (Kasem,2007). In particular, this would be through diversifying on-farm and off-farm activities especially in the rural
areas. In addition, according to the study of DeMurger (2010), the factors that affected the income diversification of households in northern China included education, migration, household position asset position and working resources, labor force and availability of local credit institutions. Moreover, income diversification also depends on one’s location, practices and the demand for labor. However, the farmers and indigenous peoples who are living in rural areas of
the different countries have been continually struggling to diversify their sources of income without losing their lands. These same situations were evident in the findings of Lopez and Sierra (2011) about the indigenous Jivaroan cultivation systems of Western Amazonia and in the study of Himley (2009) about conservation, interventions and struggles of rural Andean communities to assert territorial authority and to consolidate their livelihoods’ where social capital also plays an important role (Himley, 2009).

Read the full brief and share your comments below.
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6524114-Otarra_World_Market_Economic_Philippine.pdf

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Children as a Basis for Sustainable Development

Children are the basis for all dimensions of sustainable development. They have a right to thrive, develop to their full potential, and live in a sustainable world. As such, children should be at the center of the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Many argue that sustainable development challenges are integrated. Poverty reduction, health, education, agriculture and energy, gender equality and social inclusion, and development within planetary boundaries must be tackled together, and an inter-generational vision of societal development must underlie the goals in these areas. Without this vision, there will be no capacity for nations to bring about sustainable development.

Read the full brief below and share your comments:
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6449100-Children%20as%20a%20basis%20for%20sustainable%20development.pdf

Politicas de proteccion social en el contexto de politicas de desarrollo sostenible y cambio climatico

El presente artículo explica algunos de los aspectos más importantes, declaraciones y programas por país que permiten explicar la evolución e importancia global de las políticas que reconocen la integración de las políticas de protección social con las de desarrollo sostenible y lucha contra el cambio climático…

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5804Social_protection_floors_spanish.pdf

Social protection policies in the context of sustainable development policies and climate change

This brief examines some of the most important aspects, statements and country programs that explain the evolution and global importance of policies that integrate social protection policies with those oriented to promote sustainable development and responses to climate change….

Read the full brief below and share your comments:
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5799Social_protection_floors_Eng.pdf

Développement durable et approche par les capabilités

L’approche par les capabilités originellement développée par l’économiste A. Sen (1999) et la philosophe M. Nussbaum (2000) est de plus en plus utilisée ces dernières années pour refonder les analyses du développement durable (noté DD). Cette approche a radicalement redéfini le développement et sa pratique depuis le milieu des années 90. L’approche par les capabilités permet de re-conceptualiser non seulement l’évaluation du bien-être mais aussi les enjeux de la justice sociale dans la perspective du DD.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5709developpement%20durable%20et%20approche%20par%20les%20capabilites_formatted.pdf