Tag Archives: pastoral development

Sustainable Pastoralism for the Post 2015 Agenda

There is increasingly robust scientific evidence to show that pastoralism — extensive livestock production in the rangelands — is one of the most sustainable food systems on the planet. Pastoralism is practiced by between 200 and 500 million people worldwide, encompassing nomadic communities, transhumant herders, agropastoralists and ranchers, many of whom are facing similar challenges in both developed and developing countries.

Pastoral livelihoods, especially in Africa, are portrayed as unproductive and environmentally destructive, leading policy makers and local authorities to inadvertently or sometimes deliberately undermine elements of pastoralism that are known to be vital for sustainability and resilience: for example herd mobility, communal resource management, and adapted local breeds. . Progress in pastoral areas generally falls behind that of other communities, creating poverty and vulnerability that undermine the sustainability of the system. More than two decades of research has provided evidence that pastoralism is economically rational and viable, and is a vital tool for poverty alleviation, and large-scale conservation and ecosystem management. This paper summarizes recent research and scientific analysis to highlight three overlooked facts, three widespread myths, four emerging issues, and a suite of options for a new development paradigm for sustainable pastoralism.

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Pastoral Development Pathways in Ethiopia; the Policy Environment and Critical Constraints

Pastoralism is a specialised form of natural resource management, adapted to ecosystems defined as marginal, characterised by a limited, variable and unpredictable agro-ecological resource endowment. These can vary from African dry lands to central Asian steppes to European mountains, to Andean plateaux. In order to make use of these territories, pastoralists critically rely on mobile livestock rearing; this is the factor that distinguishes them from other rural communities. Pastoralism is thus not only an economic activity aimed at animal production, but a while livelihood systems and a lifestyle in its own….

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