Tag Archives: poverty eradication

生态脆弱区农村生态式扶贫机制研究 (Ecological poverty eradication in ecologically fragile rural areas)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
本文旨在探讨生态脆弱区农村的脱贫问题,分析了生态脆弱区农村的贫困特征,探究了造成生态脆弱区农村贫困的主要 原因,总结了生态脆弱区农村扶贫工作的成效并指出在扶贫实践中所存在的问题。因此,在生态脆弱区扶贫实践过程中既要 发展经济也要保护生态环境,本文结合扶贫实践和生态资本运营,为生态脆弱区农村可持续扶贫提出了生态式扶贫机制包括 生态资本投资机制、生态产业扶贫机制、生态移民扶贫机制和生态补偿式扶贫机制。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6053GSDR%20Brief%2019CN.pdf

生态减贫:包容性发展视角下的路径选择 (Ecological poverty eradication: path selection under inclusive development)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
文章旨在探索新时期中国减贫的突破口,运用区域经济学分析方法分析生态恶化和环境破坏对巩固减贫成果和深入推 进扶贫开发的制约。文章认为生态型贫困是未来我国扶贫攻坚的重点,中国的贫困主要发生在生态脆弱区,这些地区扶贫难度大、减 贫成果难以巩固、贫困与生态恶化互为因果,需要包容性措施来化解生态改善与减贫目标的冲突。文章建议我国应在贫困落后地区协 调经济增长与资源环境保护的关系,确保经济增长的效益惠及区域所有人群,尤其是贫困人口,让更多人享受改革和发展的成果,这 也是包容性发展的内在要求。生态减贫是中国突破减贫瓶颈的必然选择,是治贫的根本。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6056GSDR%20Brief%2020CN.pdf

集中连片特困区生态资本运营式扶贫:基于脆弱性的分析 (Evaluation of ecological capital and poverty alleviation on the basis of vulnerability analysis)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
针对集中连片特困区扶贫问题,本文将探寻集中连片特困区的可持续脱贫路径和生态发展之路,构建有利于缓解集中 连片特困区生态脆弱性的生态资本运营式扶贫路径。以农业生态经济学、区域经济学和可持续发展理论等为指导,运用多学 科交叉的理论分析方法,分析了集中连片特困区生态脆弱性与生态贫困的关系,阐释集中连片特困区生态资本运营式扶贫路 径选择。结果表明,集中连片特困区集生态地位重要与生态基础脆弱于一体,生态脆弱与生态贫困相互制约,缓解集中连片 特困区贫困的路径有生态资本运营管理、生态适应性发展和生态产业发展,构建可持续的生态资本运营式扶贫机制。从长期 看,生态资本运营式扶贫是脱贫致富与生态建设的客观要求,健全的机制与长远的战略有利于促进集中连片特困区资源节 约、环境友好、人口均衡型社会建设。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6029GSDR%20Brief%2011CN.pdf

水电工程移民贫困与可持续发展模式研究 (Poverty eradication and sustainable development pathways for hydro-electric migrants)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
新中国成立以来,我国开展了大规模的水利水电工程建设。这些工程在防洪、发电、灌溉等方面发挥了综合效益,但 移民并没有因为这些发展项目而实现脱贫致富的目标。综合而言,导致移民贫困的原因在于主体、供体和载体的不可持续性。实现移 民的可持续发展的关键在于主体、载体和供体三者之间的均衡与协调发展。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6062GSDR%20Brief%2022CN.pdf

How moving beyond GDP may help fight poverty in Africa

The gross domestic product (GDP) is the world’s most powerful statistical measure. Its underlying economic principles have contributed to splitting the planet into two worlds: the ‘developed’ and the ‘developing’ countries and/or the North and the South. Paradoxically, the GDP mantra was imposed on poorer
nations in spite of its creators’ conclusion that its approach should not be applied to countries largely dependent on informal economic structures, as these are not considered by income accounts, which are threatened by policies designed to increase GDP (Fioramonti 2013). The economist Simon Kuznets, one
of the architects of the GDP system, is also known for having demonstrated how income inequality rises in times of fast GDP growth. His famous ‘curve’ shows
how relative poverty is exacerbated, especially in under-industrialized countries, leading to a concentration of resources and income in the hands of
a few. This brief makes the argument that GDP is a highly inappropriate measure to gauge progress, especially in the so-called developing world. It will
therefore focus on Africa to show how moving beyond GDP may open up creative opportunities to fight poverty and achieve sustainable wellbeing.

Read the full brief below and share your comments.
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5938How%20moving%20beyond%20GDP%20may%20help%20fight%20poverty%20in%20Africa.pdf

Reducing child poverty: the importance of measurement for getting it right

It is widely recognised that the reduction of child poverty is crucial for sustainable economic and social development (UNICEF 2014), and the Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognises that growth and development should particularly benefit children (§4). Child-specific
measurement is imperative for addressing poverty and reducing vulnerability (Ben-Arieh 2000) and for the first time newly proposed global goals for poverty reduction make specific reference to children.

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1, Target 2 reads: “By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions” (OWG 2014; 7). This explicit mention of children constitutes an important step forward but also gives rise to questions about the use of indicators and measurement of child poverty. This science digest provides an overview of the academic debate
regarding the complexity of child poverty and the importance of comprehensive child-focused poverty measurement in supporting adequate and effective poverty reduction policies.

Read the full brief below and share your comments.
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5930Reducing%20child%20poverty.pdf

Pastoral Development Pathways in Ethiopia; the Policy Environment and Critical Constraints

Pastoralism is a specialised form of natural resource management, adapted to ecosystems defined as marginal, characterised by a limited, variable and unpredictable agro-ecological resource endowment. These can vary from African dry lands to central Asian steppes to European mountains, to Andean plateaux. In order to make use of these territories, pastoralists critically rely on mobile livestock rearing; this is the factor that distinguishes them from other rural communities. Pastoralism is thus not only an economic activity aimed at animal production, but a while livelihood systems and a lifestyle in its own….

Read the full brief below and share your comments:
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5789pastoralism_development_pathways_rev2.pdf