Tag Archives: resilience

Adaptation and resilience in the face of climate change: protecting the conditions of emergence through good governance

Super wicked problems such as global climate change (Levin et al. 2012) and the extensive subsequent changes to the environment, biodiversity and human economies cannot be tackled with the usual disciplinary approaches that have long been the basis for policy making. Problems in social and environmental planning tend to become wicked because their causes are complex and subject to different interpretations according cultural values and beliefs. Consequently there are no objectively definable solutions to wicked problems and disagreement on what might be done to address a problem may be profound. In the case of climate change, the problem is super wicked because of the urgent need for solutions, lack of a central decisionmaking authority, and those responsible for solving the problem are also creating it.

The concept of resilience in complex adaptive social-ecological systems (SES) provides a relatively novel way of thinking about change at all scale levels from the local to the global. It enables people to develop strategies that either enhances the resilience of an existing system, so that it can absorb and recover from disturbance like fire, floods and disease outbreaks, or deliberately transforms the system into a new state that is better able to meet long term human needs. A SES resilience perspective recognizes that change in all biological systems (including all forms of human organization) begin with the very small and grows upwards.

This brief describes resilience concepts and argues that they provide a foundation for the development of adaptation policies based on a relatively simple model of the drivers and feedbacks that define the change process at work in a system. It also makes some suggestions on how national policies might support the growth of resilience and adaptive capacity for coping with climate change.

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Evaluación de la sustentabilidad de sistemas productivos locales: Una propuesta basada en la participación colaborativa y en la resiliencia de los sistemas socio-ecológicos

La sustentabilidad y la resiliencia son consideradas condiciones básicas para alcanzar un funcionamiento armónico de los sistemas socio-ecológicos frente a condiciones internas cambiantes y a shocks externos. Sin embargo, no existe consenso en cuanto a la medición de ambos conceptos, como contribución al manejo de los sistemas productivos locales en esa dirección. Consecuente con estas ideas, en este trabajo se presenta una metodología para evaluar la sustentabilidad de sistemas productivos primarios, como resultado de dos años de investigación interdisciplinaria. La posibilidad de aplicar esta metodología descansa en un proceso colaborativo entre ciencia y política para mejorar la resiliencia y por lo tanto la sustentabilidad de los sistemas productivos locales.


Résilience et capabilités pour un développement humainement durable

La résilience apparait comme un concept innovant de développement, dans le sillage des vulnérabilités dimensionnelles (environnementale, économique, sociale) et la lutte contre la pauvreté et la faim. Sa résonance est particulière dans le contexte actuel de mondialisation, où les chocs liés à la brutalité des crises financières et aux catastrophes naturelles, ne laissent plus indifférent. Le dernier rapport sur le développement humain (PNUD, 2014) questionne la pérennisation du progrès humain en lien avec la réduction des vulnérabilités et le renforcement de la résilience. Les capabilités (Sen, 1992, 1999) constituant aussi une réponse aux vulnérabilités, comment s’articulent-elles à la résilience, et selon quelle stratégie de politiques publiques pour un développement humainement durable?


Resilience Framework For Measuring Development

Policy makers and decision makers in the world today are facing critical and contradictory challenge to ensure development for all within the capacity of the environment and natural resource base. The “business as usual” development models are clearly showing incapability to face the challenges of the present systems. The future pathways to development must holistically vision for people and planetary well-being.

Emerging recognition is also of the fact that social, economic, environmental and governance systems cannot be treated in isolation. For the systems to be concurrently aligned in the development paradigm,
the first step is to develop a meta-metric framework that identifies indicators and their respective roles in the development processes. A clear comprehensive metric system that not just focuses on economic indicators but includes social, environmental and governance systems is a pre-requisite.

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Assessing sustainability of local production systems: A proposal based on socio-ecological resilience and collaboration

Sustainability and resilience are considered the base for reaching a balanced functioning of socio-ecological systems, facing internal conditions and external shocks. However, there is no agreement on how to get a good measure of both concepts to allow for managing local production systems in that sense. An interdisciplinary research group from seven universities in the Centre-West of Argentina, have developed an analytic-methodological proposal to
assess sustainability of local production systems, based on the concept of resilience of socio-ecological systems (RA, 2010). The result of its two-year research, a methodology for assessing sustainability of production systems is presented in this brief. The possibility for applying this methodology rests on a collaborative process between science and policy to improve resilience, and therefore sustainability of local production systems.

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