Tag Archives: socio-ecological systems

生态脆弱区农村生态式扶贫机制研究 (Ecological poverty eradication in ecologically fragile rural areas)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
本文旨在探讨生态脆弱区农村的脱贫问题,分析了生态脆弱区农村的贫困特征,探究了造成生态脆弱区农村贫困的主要 原因,总结了生态脆弱区农村扶贫工作的成效并指出在扶贫实践中所存在的问题。因此,在生态脆弱区扶贫实践过程中既要 发展经济也要保护生态环境,本文结合扶贫实践和生态资本运营,为生态脆弱区农村可持续扶贫提出了生态式扶贫机制包括 生态资本投资机制、生态产业扶贫机制、生态移民扶贫机制和生态补偿式扶贫机制。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6053GSDR%20Brief%2019CN.pdf

生态减贫:包容性发展视角下的路径选择 (Ecological poverty eradication: path selection under inclusive development)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
文章旨在探索新时期中国减贫的突破口,运用区域经济学分析方法分析生态恶化和环境破坏对巩固减贫成果和深入推 进扶贫开发的制约。文章认为生态型贫困是未来我国扶贫攻坚的重点,中国的贫困主要发生在生态脆弱区,这些地区扶贫难度大、减 贫成果难以巩固、贫困与生态恶化互为因果,需要包容性措施来化解生态改善与减贫目标的冲突。文章建议我国应在贫困落后地区协 调经济增长与资源环境保护的关系,确保经济增长的效益惠及区域所有人群,尤其是贫困人口,让更多人享受改革和发展的成果,这 也是包容性发展的内在要求。生态减贫是中国突破减贫瓶颈的必然选择,是治贫的根本。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6056GSDR%20Brief%2020CN.pdf

重庆市武隆县自然生态资产价值评估研究 (The evaluation of ecological assets in the Wulong County, Chongqing)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
生态资产是区域生命支持系统对人类生产生活贡献的总体度量,是容易被人忽视的隐性资产,也是经济资产存在的前 提。因此,核算清楚区域的生态资产对区域发展政策制定有重要参考意义。得天独厚的自然条件赋予了武隆县丰厚的生态资产,是武 隆实现绿色崛起的重要物资基础。经测算,2011 年武隆全县的生态资产达到 57.26 亿元,相当于同时期全县生产总值(GDP)的 66.14%。本研究共了核算 9 大类型生态资产,其中气候调节、气体调节、水源涵养、土壤形成与保护以及生物多样性保护的功能价值 数量较大,但整体上各种类型生态服务功能都比较充裕,没有明显短板。从土地利用类型来看,森林生态系统对武隆全县的生态资产 贡献量最大,占到总量的 84.74%;农田生态系统次之,占到总量 9.45%,其余土地利用类型贡献均不明显。总之,武隆县的生态资产 总量是较为丰富的,为全县发展绿色经济提供了优良的物质基础,但是也提出了如何准确处理开发与保护关系的难题。另外,本文使 用的核算方法和数据仍存在一定的问题,需要进一步改进。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6098GSDR%20Brief%2033CN.pdf

县域生态功能区划及其生态红线管理制度研究:以武隆县为例 (County ecological functional divide and its ecological red line management system: the Case of Wulong County)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
生态功能区划是根据区域生态环境要素、生态环境敏感性与生态服务功能空间分异规律,将区域划分成不同生态功能 区的过程。本文以重庆市武隆县为例,结合定性与定量分析方法,综合森林植被覆盖、自然保护区分布、重要水系分布、土地利用现 状、坡度敏感性分析、农业资源布局、地形地貌特征等方面,研究了武隆县的生态功能区的划分以及各分区的生态保护与生态发展对 策,并探讨了生态红线的管理制度。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6083GSDR%20Brief%2029CN.pdf

城市生态可持续发展中社会治理创新研究 (The study of innovation of social governance for urban ecology and sustainable development)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
城市生态可持续发展涉及到经济、社会、环境等各个方面,需要良好的社会治理机制来发动和推动,而社会治理创新 包含了治理理念、治理模式、治理途径等方面的创新。因此,为了促进城市生态可持续发展,必须不断进行社会治理创新,即更新社 会治理理念、建构多元治理模式、开辟双向互动的治理途径。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5999GSDR%20Brief%202CN.pdf

探索生态城镇中生态功能区规划建设的新思路——以国家级生态镇泖港镇水源地生态规划功能区为例  (Exploring new eco-community building approaches in eco-towns: ecological planning in the water-source town of Maogang)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
随着工业化进入后工业化发展阶段,可持续发展逐渐成为当前社会发展的主题。如何把可持续发展的基本理念和内涵 融入到城镇的建设中,发展新型“生态城镇”,成为当前城镇发展面临的重大课题。在这个背景下,本文以上海市松江区泖港镇水源 地生态规划功能区为例,在分析经济、社会和环境现状的基础上,对生态城镇中生态规划功能区的优势因素进行分析,提出适合当地 经济、社会和环境可持续发展的规划方案。这不仅对上海当地的发展具有重要的实践意义,而且对其它地区的生态治理与城镇化同步 发展具有很好的指导借鉴意义。

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/6068GSDR%20Brief%2024CN.pdf

Assessing sustainability of local production systems: A proposal based on socio-ecological resilience and collaboration

Sustainability and resilience are considered the base for reaching a balanced functioning of socio-ecological systems, facing internal conditions and external shocks. However, there is no agreement on how to get a good measure of both concepts to allow for managing local production systems in that sense. An interdisciplinary research group from seven universities in the Centre-West of Argentina, have developed an analytic-methodological proposal to
assess sustainability of local production systems, based on the concept of resilience of socio-ecological systems (RA, 2010). The result of its two-year research, a methodology for assessing sustainability of production systems is presented in this brief. The possibility for applying this methodology rests on a collaborative process between science and policy to improve resilience, and therefore sustainability of local production systems.

Read the full brief below and share your comments.
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5942Assessing%20sustainability%20of%20local%20production%20systems%20-%20a%20proposal%20based%20on%20socio-ecological%20resilience%20and%20collaboration.pdf