Tag Archives: urbanization

Sustainable Urban Environment in Delhi Mega City: Emerging Problems and Prospects for Innovative Solutions

Cities are the engines of growth and indicators of progress. Besides, they have widespread implications on environment and human society. There is large scale incidence of urban
poverty and slums in cities of developing countries. This has resulted in mismatch between infrastructure, resources and population, leading to degraded and unsustainable urban environments. The unprecedented urban growth is also referred as pseudo-urbanization for the reason that this growth is exceptionally unbalanced. The footprints of urbanization, concretization and land use conversion are visible in the form of urban heat island (UHI) formation that poses threat to human health and wellbeing. The study addresses above issues in national capital – Delhi.

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El derecho a la vivienda es universal y se encuentra plasmado en la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos de 1948, en su artículo 25.1: "Toda persona tiene derecho a un nivel de vida adecuado que le asegure, así como a su familia, la salud y el bienestar, y en especial la alimentación, el vestido, la vivienda, la asistencia médica y los servicios sociales necesarios; tiene asimismo derecho a los seguros en caso de desempleo, enfermedad, invalidez, viudez, vejez u otros casos de pérdida de sus medios de subsistencia por circunstancias independientes de su voluntad". En 2000, en la Cumbre del Milenio de Naciones Unidas se asumió el alcanzar los 8 objetivos del milenio, uno de ellos es la Meta 11 (7.D) que remite hacia la concepción de una vivienda digna: Se espera que en 2020 se hayan mejorado las condiciones de vida de al menos 100 millones de habitantes de asentamientos precarios.


Vulnerability of Nearshore Ecosystems from Rapid Intensive Coastal Development

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment pointed out that coastal systems are among the most productive systems in the world and are experiencing acute pressures from growing population and exploitation. It found that the greatest threat is development-related loss of habitats and services, while degradation from other exploitation also poses severe problems.

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特大城市应走的可持续之路:以北京为例 (Sustainable development in mega-cities: the case of Beijing)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
认清不可持续发展的现况,把握正确的城市功能,调整产业结构,全力整治城市病,走出一条特大城市可持续发展新 路:存量发展、升级发展、创新发展、完善发展。


贵州省城镇化进程中水资源保障与供水能力问题研究 (Urbanization Process in Guizhou Province and the analysis of supply capacity of water security issues)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

突破制约贵州省发展的工程性缺水战略瓶颈,保障城镇化带动战略和工业强省战略实施,支撑“后发赶超、跨越发 展、同步小康建设”用水需求的重大战略举措。本文从保障城镇化健康发展要求出发,以贵州省统计年鉴、贵州省水资源公报 (2000~2012)、中国城乡建设统计年鉴等相关资料为基础,结合国家有关城镇化、资源环境政策,采用定性与定量分析、目标分析 与需求预测分析的方法。在贵州水资源利用与城镇供水建设现状的基础上,针对水资源供应不适应城镇化发展的要求,推进新型城镇 化面临严峻挑战;贵州城市供水能力建设滞后于人口城市化,用水供需矛盾问题突出;现有水厂设计供水能力高,但实际供水能力低 等主要问题。提出了强力推进水利建设三大会战,全面提升水资源供给保障能力;加强水源建设,提高城镇供水水质应急能力;加强 水质检测与监测体系建设,提高供水安全保障能力;进一步提高用水效率加快节水型城镇建设等建议。


博弈与协调:新型城镇化的现实难题与应对之策 (The challenges of new urbanization in real life and coping strategy trade-off and coordination)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
新型城镇化作为国家发展战略,是经济、政治、文化、社会与生态文明建设相融合的“五位一体”的可持续发展战 略。在新型城镇化推进中,尤其是在我国目前已进入加速城镇化发展阶段,会遇到来自方方面面的问题,其中涉及城乡间、利益主体 间、代内代际间、人与自然间的诸多利益博弈,成为新型城镇化所不得不面对的现实难题。要解决这些现实难题,需要在理论上对城 镇化发展方式转型、解决二元经济结构矛盾和公平、协调合作等进行综合考量,需要在现实中找出协作点、平衡点,并通过协调合作 来建立健全生态补偿、代际补偿、市场运作、土地流转等机制,以有效熨平利益博弈矛盾。


城市生态可持续发展中社会治理创新研究 (The study of innovation of social governance for urban ecology and sustainable development)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
城市生态可持续发展涉及到经济、社会、环境等各个方面,需要良好的社会治理机制来发动和推动,而社会治理创新 包含了治理理念、治理模式、治理途径等方面的创新。因此,为了促进城市生态可持续发展,必须不断进行社会治理创新,即更新社 会治理理念、建构多元治理模式、开辟双向互动的治理途径。


探索生态城镇中生态功能区规划建设的新思路——以国家级生态镇泖港镇水源地生态规划功能区为例  (Exploring new eco-community building approaches in eco-towns: ecological planning in the water-source town of Maogang)

This brief is submitted in the Chinese language. The full brief could be accessed through the below link. Your comments could be in either English or Chinese.

摘 要
随着工业化进入后工业化发展阶段,可持续发展逐渐成为当前社会发展的主题。如何把可持续发展的基本理念和内涵 融入到城镇的建设中,发展新型“生态城镇”,成为当前城镇发展面临的重大课题。在这个背景下,本文以上海市松江区泖港镇水源 地生态规划功能区为例,在分析经济、社会和环境现状的基础上,对生态城镇中生态规划功能区的优势因素进行分析,提出适合当地 经济、社会和环境可持续发展的规划方案。这不仅对上海当地的发展具有重要的实践意义,而且对其它地区的生态治理与城镇化同步 发展具有很好的指导借鉴意义。


From conspicuous consumption to conspicuous accomplishment

The new international development framework will be universal and place people and planet at the centre. The emphasis on “people”, in addition to the “planet”, will require a focus on the social dimension of sustainable development, as choices have to be made about pathways for human wellbeing based on how countries understand themselves and the world their citizens wish to live in.

A century ago, the economist Torstein Veblen coined the term “conspicuous consumption” to characterize the materialism of newly well-to-do Americans. The term “conspicuous accomplishment” has been suggested for China’s young nouveaux riches, as the compressed time frame and memories of previous austere lifestyles are leading to behaviors and expectations different to those in industrialized societies in terms of urban spaces, social status, lifestyles and identities, as well as social values that are not based on monetary, which are seen as Western, values. In India, half of the total urban population is found in towns each with a population of less than 0.5 million and “middle class” identification is based on social attitudes that are upbeat even at low
level of incomes.

China considers ‘ecological civilization’ a governing idea and national strategy for the whole society. While it aims to double 2010 GDP and per capita levels of rural and urban residents by 2050 it will cap emissions of carbon dioxide by 2030, providing a new model for other countries. The 18th Party Congress, in 2012,incorporated in the Party Constitution the statement that “promoting ecological progress is a long term task of vital importance to the people’s well-being and China’s future”. The effort is to shift from industrialization led economic development and urbanization to a services and high technology led development and urbanization to keep within ecological limits.

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Passive housing

Worldwide, buildings consume around 40% of the total primary energy. In the EU, up to 36% of the total CO2 emissions comes from buildings alone and in the Unites States, residential and commercial buildings consume up to 70% of the electricity and 39% of the total primary energy available. Residential and commercial buildings are thus significant consumers of energy and are one of the major producers of GHGs globally. Along with the growing concerns regarding the level of greenhouse gases and the exhaustive use of finite energy resources, initiatives for clean and energy-efficient innovations for buildings are of major urgency for reaching world-wide targets set for sustainable energy use and increasing the quality of life. One of the solutions which can increase the energy efficiency of any country is buildings with a low energy demand, such as passive houses.

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Slum upgrading

Currently, every seventh person worldwide lives in an informal urban settlement, summing up to 850 million people globally. In some megacities of low- and middle-income countries almost 80% of the total population lives in slums. Fast urbanization is observed worldwide but in developing countries it is expected adding up to 1.5 billion in 2025 people living in slums. Three-quarter of the world’s population is expected to live in an urban environment by 2050, whereby urbanization in developing countries will be the most significant. These facts illustrate that immediate action is required and this issue cannot be neglected, since slums will not be resolved but in fact increasing over the coming years. Based on the UN Millennium Goal Number 7 (directly 7D) on the improvement of slum dweller living conditions, several UN post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are also trying to address this complex issue.

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